Fluoroelastomer (FKM) Polymer:
Properties, Characteristics and Resistances

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Fluoroelastomer Polymer

General Information

  • Trade Name:

    Viton®, Fluorozone®

  • Chemical Name:

    Fluoroelastomer

  • Generally Resistant To:

    Acids, Hydrocarbons, Oils, Gasoline, Water, Heat, Fuels, Chemicals, Weather, Sunlight, Oxidation and Ozone

  • Generally Attacked By:

    Ketones, Solvents, High pH Chemicals and Low Molecular Weight Carbonyls

  • ASTM D 2000 / SAE J200 Classification:

    HK

  • MIL-R-3065 / SAE J-14 / MIL-STD-417 Classification:

    TB

  • ASTM D-1418 Designation:

    FKM

Physical Properties

  • Elongation:

    100% to 500%

  • Hardness Range (Durometer Shore A):

    60 to 90

Mechanical Properties

  • Compression Set:

    Very Good

  • Rebound Rating:

    • Cold:

      Fair to Good

    • Hot:

      Good to Excellent

  • Flex Cracking Resistance:

    Good

  • Abrasion Resistance:

    Good

  • Tear Resistance:

    Fair to Good

  • Impact Resistance:

    Good

  • Flame Resistance:

    Very Good to Excellent

Thermal Properties

  • Minimum Service Temperature:

    -20°F to -70°F

  • Maximum Service Temperature:

    +600°F

Environmental Resistance

  • Recommended Shelf Life:

    20 years

  • Weather Resistance:

    Excellent to Outstanding

  • Sunlight Resistance:

    Good to Outstanding

  • Ozone Resistance:

    Outstanding

  • Oxidization Resistance:

    Outstanding

  • Water Resistance:

    Very Good

  • Steam Resistance:

    Poor to Good

  • Gas Permeability:Fair to Good

    Good to Excellent

  • Radiation Resistance:

    Good, 7 x 104 Ga Gy

    Fair, 2 x 105 Ga Gy

Chemical Resistance

  • Acetone:

    NOT RECOMMENDED

  • Amonium Hydroxide:

    Minor to Moderate Effect

  • Animal Fats:

    RECOMMENDED: Little or Minor Effect

  • Carbon Dioxide:

    RECOMMENDED: Little or Minor Effect

  • Chlorine:

    • DRY:

      RECOMMENDED: Little or Minor Effect

    • WET:

      RECOMMENDED: Little or Minor Effect

  • Fluorine (Liquid):

    Minor to Moderate Effect

  • Fuel Oil:

    RECOMMENDED: Little or Minor Effect

  • Gasoline:

    RECOMMENDED: Little or Minor Effect

  • Hydrochloric Acid 37%:

    • HOT:

      RECOMMENDED: Little or Minor Effect

    • COLD:

      RECOMMENDED: Little or Minor Effect

  • Hydrochloric Acid Concentrate 37%:

    • HOT:

      Minor to Moderate Effect

    • COLD:

      RECOMMENDED: Little or Minor Effect

  • Kerosene:

    RECOMMENDED: Little or Minor Effect

  • Methyl Ethyl Ketone:

    NOT RECOMMENDED

  • Mineral Oil:

    RECOMMENDED: Little or Minor Effect

  • Naptha:

    RECOMMENDED: Little or Minor Effect

  • Natural Gas:

    RECOMMENDED: Little or Minor Effect

  • Nitric Acid:

    • Concentrate:

      RECOMMENDED: Little or Minor Effect

    • Dillute:

      RECOMMENDED: Little or Minor Effect

    • Red Fuming:

      Moderate to Severe

  • Petroleum:

    • Below 250:

      RECOMMENDED: Little or Minor Effect

    • Above 250:

      Minor to Moderate Effect

  • Phosphoric Acid:

    • 20%:

      RECOMMENDED: Little or Minor Effect

    • 45%:

      RECOMMENDED: Little or Minor Effect

  • Propane:

    RECOMMENDED: Little or Minor Effect

  • Salt Water:

    RECOMMENDED: Little or Minor Effect

  • Skydrol:

    • Skydrol 500:

      NOT RECOMMENDED

    • Skydrol 7000:

      Minor to Moderate Effect

  • Sodium Hydroxide:

    Minor to Moderate Effect

  • Sulfuric Acid:

    • Concentrate:

      RECOMMENDED: Little or Minor Effect

    • Dillute:

      RECOMMENDED: Little or Minor Effect

    • 20% Oleum:

      RECOMMENDED: Little or Minor Effect

  • Toluene:

    RECOMMENDED: Little or Minor Effect

  • Transformer Oil:

    RECOMMENDED: Little or Minor Effect

  • Vegetable Oils:

    RECOMMENDED: Little or Minor Effect

  • Vinegar:

    RECOMMENDED: Little or Minor Effect

Recommended Storage Conditions

  • Store in a cool, dry place with temperature below 75°F.
  • Keep away from direct heat or open flames.
  • Avoid contact with solvents or other fluids.
  • Do not store in direct sunlight.
  • Keep products wrapped or sealed to minimize the absorption of moisture.
  • Store in a relaxed condition free from tension, compression or other deformation.